Enduring as a narrator. There are some different

Enduring Love
is infused with McEwan’s didactic ideas and messages. Being the dominant narrative
voice of the novel, Joe is the main source of knowledge to the reader.  The idea of bias or unreliable narrating is
key when analysing the text; It is essential to examine the effect of Joe’s
narrating “What I liked here was how the power and attractions of narrative had
clouded judgement” This gives the audience the sense of storytelling form Joe
and questions his reliability as a narrator. There are some different
perspectives of the events that occur during Enduring Love offered however and
these need to be considered too

The biased
narrating can be shown through Joe’s storytelling of events and he can distort
the message to the readers. This is key for readers because if they are fed
false information the message the narrator is trying to pass on will be lost.
“I suspected that at any moment he would be reaching out to touch me” This is
how Joe exaggerates the truth and shows his unreliability as the narrator, as
he does not ell the complete truth and covers key information. This false
leading of the narrative voice links to D.Lodge statement in the critical
anthology “Even a character-narrator cannot be one hundred percent correct” The
statement supports the idea of a character narrator being unreliable and
dishonest which is Joe as he continues to twist key events and not take
responsibility for his actions. “I am not prepared to accept that it was me” illustrates
Joe’s denial and refusal to accept the blame for this accident. “‘Not prepared
to take blame” suggests how he does not want to admit even to himself; Joe is
unreliable because he does not face reality himself. This idea of denial is
very important because it is highlighted throughout the novel and is huge flaw
in Joe’s character, never accepting fault nor being responsible for his
mistakes. “I’m holding back,
delaying the information. I’m lingering in the prior moment because it was a
time when other outcomes were still possible.”

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Throughout
the novel there are chapters where we get letters from Jed and Clarissa, these
are the only other point of views from other characters. This shows how we only
ever really get to see the perceptions of events from Joe’s opinion, we never
get to see how other characters react with controversial subjects within the
novel. As Joe may be seen as an unreliable narrator it can difficult to see who
is telling the truth. “It would make more sense of Clarissa’s return to tell it
form her point of view” even when the chapter purports to be from another’s
point of view it is still spoken through Joe which doesn’t make it wholly from
Clarissa’s view because Joe is the one controlling the narrative still. This further
supports the idea that Joe is an unreliable narrator and links to D.Lodge;
statement in the critical anthology “the point of using an unreliable narrator
is indeed to reveal in an interesting way the gap between appearance and
reality” As we only get to see Joe’s side of the story it is more difficult to
see if he is telling the truth; the other characters opinions or points of view
are minimised

Joe refers
to his own actions by trying to justify them; “Why did you swipe the message?”
asks Clarissa, Joe is embarrassed by Jedd showing his affection, but in
response to justify his reasoning for swiping the calls, he claims that the
police won’t help. By deleting these call’s he sends mixed messages to all
characters and to the reader; he’s very indecisive and does not indicate to
Jedd that the feelings are not mutual. The indecisive nature of Joe links to
D.Lodge’s statement in the critical anthology “his narrative is kind of a
confession, but riddled with self-justification and special pleading and only
at the very end does he find an understanding of himself” The anthology suggests
characters use the narrative to give a better understanding of themselves, and
they are able to justify their actions even if they are wrong. Joe is unable to
accept that Clarissa feels he is dealing with the situation in the wrong manner
and while this fact helps us to understand Joe we have to look beyond him to
get a clear understanding of the novel.

Joe’s
identification of “de Clérambault’s syndrome” is a decisive moment in the novel.
Joe was the one to diagnose Parry and to Joe he is now easily dealt with,
instead of being an unpredictable and erratic force.  Joe realises that he has become obsessed with
Parry, just as Parry has become obsessed with him “There was research to follow
through now and I knew exactly where to start”. This self-awareness illustrates
Joe’s larger self-awareness of his position of a narrator with bias. Joe
references his continuous career disappointment at the end of the quote, reminding
the reader of his bias and motivations. “It was as if I had at last been
offered that research post with my old professor” The reader may
understand that he became obsessed because of his scientific background and he
felt as if he was pursuing his dream.

On one of
the few occurrences when we get to hear Clarissa’s vacant voice, we hear her
expressing the same feeling as Joe. While she previously believed that their
love was “meant to go on and on,” she is now not sure of her feeling
towards Joe. Clarissa is now doubtful of both the enduring power of love and
the objective truth of awareness. Her longest sentence describes what their
love used to be, an enduring stream of relative happiness. She breaks that
sentence off, and finishes her letter with two very short sentences, including
one that isn’t even a proper sentence.  As
an English professor, Clarissa clearly has the ability to express her purposes
through writing. She uses her ability to manipulate words to imply this,
however she rarely speaks throughout the novel as Joe is the more dominant
spokesperson. This could be seen as masculine dominance as Joe controls the novel
and he even speaks about Clarissa’s interpretation within chapter nine.

Appendix 1
was a scientific report on De Clerambault; syndrome “British Review of Psychiatry”
and this report is able to give facts of the novel that Joe is unable to
provide. The report focuses on Jed Parry’s life “intense and lonely child”
these are key events during Parry’s life that as a narrator cannot pick up on. The
report was able to justify Parry’s illness and shows the reasoning of his
homo-erotic obsession. McEwan introduces his view of religious ideology “isolation
and religious belief intensified” with this we understand how Jed Parry was
trying perceive his dream of “God’s Glory” and by the appendix being wrote by
someone other than Joe we can have a better understanding of Jed Parry’s
actions.

Joe Rose
narrative voice is the key to the readers understanding of the novel and leads
the audience through his own view of personal events. However, as Joe does
narrate he does bring in a form of an invented character because he is still
involved within the story. Joe does control the perception of character by
being the narrator he is able to control the readers feeling towards each
character because we are only ever given his personal view. Joe’s viewpoint
does give us a great understanding towards each character and although it could
be bias he speaks mainly of the truth, and this is seen at the end of the
novel. The idea of masculine dominance could be picked upon as the character
that has fallen in love with Joe, has been male is this McEwan’s subtle way of
trying to in force this masculine supremacy.  The idea of the affair of Joe and Jed show’s
how even in love, the male is chosen before a women.