Do you know anything about the space race? The United States and The Soviet Union were once in a race to get to space. The Soviet Union were the first ones to send anything into space. Their space traveling satellite was called Sputnik. The Americans were a little mad when they found out The Soviet Union had beat them to space . But J.F.K had different ideas. His ideas were much bigger, they were more eye-catching. You can’t really tell who won the space race, but it sure was exciting.
After World War (I drew to a close in the mid-20th century, a new conflict began. Known as the Cold War, this battle pitted the world’s two great powers-the democratic, capitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union-against each other. Beginning in the late 1950s, space would become another dramatic arena for this competition, as each side sought to prove the superiority of its technology, its military firepower and-by extension-its political-economic system. On October 4th, 1957, The Soviet Union launched the first ever aircraft in space to orbit the Earth. This event got worldwide attention. The Americans were shocked. The U.S and The Soviet Union had already been threatening each other with nuclear threats.
Space Exploration served as another arena for Cold War competition. In 1958, the U.S launched its own space vehicle. The vehicle’s name was Explorer 1. Wernher von Braun was the one who designed it, along with U.S Army. That was the year that NASA was created.
In 1959, the Soviet space program took another step forward with the launch of Luna 2, the first space probe to hit the moon. In April 1961, the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit Earth, traveling in the capsule-like spacecraft Vostok 1. For the U.S. effort to send a man into space, dubbed Project Mercury, NASA engineers designed a smaller, cone-shaped capsule far lighter than Vostok; they tested the craft with chimpanzees, and held a final test flight in March 1961before the Soviets were able to pull ahead with Gagarin’s launch. On May 5, astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space (though not in orbit).
In 1969, the United States managed to come from behind and win the space race. They won after Neil Armstrong and his crew landed on the Moon, planting the American flag. This event was a huge leap in space exploration, and changed the game foreve
During the periods of 1950-1977, we witnessed a massive curriculum movement that no other period has ever witnessed. It was a period of Federal intervention in education, and an expenditure of huge pay-raises in the average teacher salary. It was named “the golden age of science educ ati on”.
The Mercury Mission was first started in 1963. The objectives of the mission included: to
successfully orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth, to investigate humankinds’ ability to function in space, and to recover both occupant and spacecraft. Project Gemini consisted of 10 successful fli ghts. They occurred in 1965 and 1966. The Gemini objectives were: to gain astronaut experience with long duration space flights, to perfect methods of reentry and landing the spacecraft, and to study the effects of weightlessness on astronauts during long flights. The Apollo missions beyond landing on the moon. They had more objectives such as: to establi sh technology to meet other national interests in space, to achieve preeminence in space
for the United States, to carry out a program of scientific exploration of the Moon, and to develop man’s capability to work in the lunar environment.
NASA’s birth was directly related to the launch of the Sputniks and the ensuing race to demonstrate technological superiority in space. Driven by the competition of the Cold War, on July 29, 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, providing for research into the problems of flight within Earth’s atmosphere and in space. After a protracted debate over military versus civilian control of space, the act inaugurated a new civilian agency designated the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The agency began operations on Oct. 1, 1958. Within months of its creation, NASA began to conduct space missions, and over the last 50 years has undertaken spectacular programs in human spaceflight, robotic spaceflight, and aeronautics research. NASA today carries on the nation’s long tradition of exploration dating back at least to Lewis and Clark. In addition to its headquarters in Washington, D.C., NASA facilities include 10 centers around the country staffed by nearly 19,000 employees. Its proposed budget for fiscal year 2009 is $17.6 billion. Looking back after 50 years, we can distinguish several eras of human spaceflight at NASA.
The International Space Station is a lar ge spacecraft in orbit around Earth. The space station is also a unique science laboratory. The space station is made by parts assembled in space by astronauts.
The first piece of The International Space Station was launched in November 1998. A Russian rocket launched the Russian Zarya control module. Then, about two weeks later, the space shuttle Endeavour met Zarya in orbit. The space shuttle has a volume the same as a five bedroom house. It is able to support a crew of six peopl e. The space station has made it possible for people to have an ongoing presence in space. The crew has been living there ever since the crew arrived. The space station’s laboratories also allow crew members to do research that cannot be done anywhere else. The scientific research that the crew does on the station
helps everyone here on Earth. Space research is even used in everyday life . Scientists also study what happens when a human body has been in microgravity for a long time.
At any given time on board the space station, a large array of different experiments are underway within a wide range of disciplines. These experiments are selected by each space station partner to meet the goals of each respective agency. Here, you can search the database of experiments to learn more about each experiment’s objectives, descriptions, and results, as well as imagery and additional information that may be found beyond this database.
One experiment that has been researched on the space station is ACE-H-1. This experiment examines densely packed microscopic spheres, or colloidal mixtures, to study their transition from ordered crystals to disordered glass.
Another experiment that has been researched on the space station is ACE-T-1. This experiment studies tiny suspended particles which have been designed by scientists to connect themselves in a specific way to form organized structures within water. Materials having complex structures and unique properties potentially can be made with more knowledge of how these particles are joined together and the conditions which control their behaviors.
One last project that has been researched on the space station is AES-1. This experiment examines the of Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria to investigate the reduced effectiveness of antibiotics in microgravity.
To sum this all up, space exploration is very important for the human race today. The cold war paved the way for countries to experiment space in all kinds of different ways.
Without space exploration, we would not know our future.