Discuss follows ‘The process of receiving or giving

Discuss the various roles that the institution of education plays in modern western society  IntroductionThis essay title evokes a lot of questions, one being what exactly is education? And why it is so glorified in the formal way in western society? The definition of education in the oxford dictionary is as follows ‘The process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school or university. ‘a course of education”To anyone that has or hasn’t gone through formal education it is all the same meaning, education is the understanding of new concepts. The western world glorifies education in such a way that if you don’t have said education, you will get nowhere in the world, this is told to the young innocent minds of the children of the western world.  Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself.   John Dewey (1951). The three main reasons why education is so important in modern western society 1.the various of opportunities that areavailable with an education. 2. The building of self confidence in one’s self.  Various opportunities  Many young people develop a negative attitude towardseducation. Though schools vary, this is likely because there is limited freedom and self-direction in school. While there may be courses students can choose, much of secondary school can feel more like an obligation or chore than a choice. This may be because many curriculums are pre-established, many classes are chosen for students and many assignments come with rigid guidelines that don’t leave much room for creativity. It’s an educational circumstance that most of us push through because we know a college diploma is important.It’s no wonder, society wants to encourage young people to carefully consider their higher education opportunities. This is mainly because of a highly feared factor that anyone could go into economic debt, due to the fact of not having a stable career. Education opens up many doors when it comes to jobs opportunities that are able to help people move up the ladder or even just start on the ladder that is the job sector. Education starts from as early as two years of age and education in the formal sense doesn’t stop, anyone can pick back up education by going to these courses at any age. With good education it is up to the person them self as to how they want to use this knowledge. They could just let it sit there and not try to change the world as we know it today, with such knowledge comes responsibility. These people that are getting educated do in fact have all the tools that could change the world, and that’s the beauty of education. Volunteering is a simple way that people with education are doing to help those less fortunate. ‘I tell all my students, “when you get these jobs that you have so brilliantly trained for, just remember that your real job is that if you are free, you need free somebody else. If you have the power, then your jib is to empower somebody else. This is not just a grab- bag candy game”- Toni Morrison  When educational opportunities increased substantially Trusty & Niles, (2004) when many organizations raised their educational qualifications for jobs Kroch , (1994), and when the government status increased with it came the rise of wealth and status of job performance expanded considerably to include more extra role behavioursWelbourne, Johnson, , (1998). With this status comesthe needs to analysis of the relationship between education level and a wide range of opportunities and wealth  Education level refers to the academic credentials or degrees an individual has obtained in his or her life time. Although education level is a continuous variable, it is frequently measured in how high of a degree one has got, or masters. These days it is almost mandatory to get a bachelor’sdegree as 1. It is the first step to get a well-paid occupations 2. Can lead to more like a masters or a doctorate. A bachelor’s degree is seen as mediocre because these degrees are necessary for entry into many higher-paying occupations,Howard, (1986); Trusty & Niles, 2004).   Human capital theory suggests that the abilities and knowledge acquired by individuals are likely to be rewarded with higher earnings in the labour market, will be more desirable to the shareholders and bosses of highly end companies   (Becker, 1964). Education and work experience are the two forms of human capital individuals are most likely to acquire during their careers (Myers, Griffeth, Daugherty, , 2004; Singer , 1991; Strober, 1990). Those who spend more years in school will have less time available in which to accumulate work experience, whereas those who enter the labour market early typically accumulate less formal education, these people are not seen as educated just because they have been educated in a different way. These kind of people have been educated through experience, but because they have no degree they are seen as uneducated.         Building self confidence  Plato thought that a fundamental task of education is that of helping students to value reason and to be reasonable, which for him involved valuing wisdom above pleasure, honour, and other less-worthy pursuits. different groups of students would receive different sorts of education, depending on their abilities, interests, and stations in life. Philosopher John Dewey (1859–1952) argued that education should be tailored to the individual child, though he rejected Plato’s hierarchical sorting of students into categories. Plato’s student Aristotle also took the highest aim of education to be the fostering of good judgment or wisdom, but he was more optimistic than Plato about the ability of the typical student to achieve it. He also emphasized the fostering of moral virtue and the development of character; his emphasis on virtue and his insistence that virtues develop in the context of community guided practice and that the rights and interests of individual citizens do not always outweigh those of the community are reflected in contemporary interest in “virtue theory” in ethics and “communitarianism” in political philosophy. Education builds self-confidence by helping to develop other skills, these skills are, communication, decision making and dealing with challenges and learning to cope with them. Emile Durkheim says that the major function of education is the transmission of society’s norms and values. He maintains that, “society can survive only if there exists among its members a sufficient degree of homogeneity; education perpetuates and reinforces this homogeneity by fixing in the child from the beginning the essential similarities which collective life demands”. Without these essential similarities, cooperation, social solidarity and therefore social life would be impossible. The vital task of all society is the creation of solidarity. Communication, whether you’re presenting ideas to fellow students in discussions or structuring arguments for an assignment, or in a classroom definitely requires you to develop your communication skills. And because students are building on these skills in a supportive learning atmosphere, they often take chances they might not have felt confident doing before. And gradually, this improved confidence will transfer over into other areas, such as the work place and other aspects of the person life. Decision making, the best decisions are backed by knowledge and data. And when a person has a thorough understanding of the business or subject area, the only way a person would have these expertise and knowledge in these area is through education, the person is the best position for confident decision-making. This leads to strong and independent thinking, which leads to building an individual with self-direction and strong moral compass      Conclusion From researching this paper, various roles that education plays on western society is huge, from the economic side to the huge role of responsibility that comes with it. Not only is it just that we see education as a way to expand our wealth in later life, but to help others in ways as helping them get out a strut. Educators have the marvellous job of helping the growth of a person’s knowledge. This all would not be possible if education was not valued as high as it is in the western society.   Reference list  Bartlett, S. and Burton, D (2009) Introduction to Education Studies. London: Sage Publications Becker G. (1964). Human capital: A theoretical and empirical analysis with special reference to education. New York: Columbia University Press. : http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/179491/philosophy-of-education http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/551887/sociology