Did you ever think that a person you looked up to would have the heart to betray you? In the fiction novel by Ralph Ellison the Invisible Man, covers the narrator’s life and situations he faces before discovering the truth of him being betrayed. Taken place in the early 19th century, a black man who happens to be the narrator but whose name is never revealed but is only introduced as the Invisible man, comes to realize after his blind journey that he is betrayed by a handful of characters that play a big role in his life. Therefore his life stays in a consistent condition of change all through the novel. Perplexity and an absence of individual vision cause the “Invisible Man” to trust many characters whose designs for him are not as much as righteous. Periodically these characters betray the Invisible Man, whose responses to said double-crossings shape most of the novel. The invisible man in this novel deference to others wishes and ideals formally drive his hapless existence. Betrayal of each character necessitates the narrators movement and mobility throughout the novel because of his continued deference to others. Toward the start of the novel, the narrator anticipated the rest of the book in a dream chain. The dream chain in a brief summary is the Invisible man opens his briefcase and finds an envelope, he opens the envelope only to discover another envelope, then he once again opens the envelope only to find another. After having to go through numerous amounts of envelopes, the Invisible Man’s grandfather tells him, “Them’s years… now open that one… Read it… Out loud!” (Ellison 33). The Invisible Man in show of deference grants all his his grandfather’s wishes by reading it aloud, “To Whom It May Concern, Keep This Nigger-Boy Running”(Ellison 33). After reading this, the Invisible Man does just what that letter says: run. As you can tell, betrayal keeps the Invisible Man running throughout the whole book, he is put on a long blind journey going from one place to another, and faces situation after situation. Alas, for the Invisible Man he keeps running without a long enough pause to analyze his mistakes or himself. As mentioned before the dream chain exemplifies an act of deference, and character that contributes to the Invisible Man’s undoing. In this situation, the Invisible man in show of the deference he blindly follows his grandfather’s commands in opening the briefcase and all of the envelopes inside defer him in dreams. The narrator never came down to actually asking his grandfather the reason why to open these articles until it’s far too late. Throughout the entire book the characters that betray him control him like a remote race car and just as the dream predicts he stays running.The Invisible Man’s repeated design of deference, betrayal and movement before the Invisible Man dreams of his grandfather and the briefcase, first starts with one of the first big events in the book the “battle royal” where he is given this calfskin briefcase. The white folks betray the Invisible Man after extending an invitation to him for him to speak at their Men’s Club, in this case the Invisible Man feels very honored to be given the opportunity. However his feelings soon come to a sudden shock, once he comes to discover that the white folks desire for him to participate in the battle royal, without once again stopping to analyze his missteps, due to deference he defers to the white folks wishes and becomes a participant of the battle royal. The white folks lead the Invisible Man accompanied of other black men, they blindfold him, and then tell him to fight. After the battle royal the Invisible Man suffers several other humiliations, and once again not standing up for himself. After these events, the club’s superintendent calls up the Invisible Man to finally present his speech. While the Invisible Man is presenting his speech most white folks either ignore or interrupt the Invisible Man. After presenting his speech the club’s superintendent hands him a calfskin leather briefcase, that holds in a scholarship to the state’s Negro College. This scholarship to the state’s Negro College requires the narrator to make his first ever physical move. Therefore a repeated design that has control over the Invisible Man begins; betrayal, deference, and then movement. In this case the white folks that formed a part of the Men’s Club betray and trick the Invisible Man by inviting him to present his speech under false pretences, and by failing to mention the humiliating painful experience that they would have the narrator be a part of. Although the Invisible Man stayed strong during that difficult time he defers to all of their wishes anyways. Off to the next chapter where his dream predicted find the Invisible Man still running but in a different environment. Perhaps it was predicted, the Invisible Man’s time at the state’s Negro College is not free from incidents, therefore he repeats the established repeated design: betrayal followed by deference and then movement. In this obnoxious situation the state’s Negro Colleges president, Dr. Bledsoe, betrays the Invisible Man two times! The first is when he expels him after coming to a flawed conclusion regarding his action. The second is when Dr. Bledsoe orders him to Harlem and gives him 7 letters that Dr. Bledsoe insists of saying that they are only job recommendations when in fact they are letters to warn the current employers against hiring him. Once again the Invisible Man defers to the wishes his betrayer who in this situation is Dr. Bledsoe, on the day that he was expelled he leaves for Harlem, the letter are to remain unopened as per Dr. Bledsoe requested. Nonetheless before the Invisible Man leaves he leaves convinced by Dr. Bledsoe expelling him although the book leaves the reader with very little doubt that Dr. Bledsoe is in the wrong and unfair “Somehow, I convinced myself… Dr. Bledsoe is right, I told myself, he’s right” (Ellison 147). After undergoing this betrayal not once but twice and deferring to Dr. Bledsoe’s cruel wishes the very unlucky Invisible once again has to make a physical move to Harlem, thus completing this repeated design. But still the Invisible Man continues running. The repeated design betrayal, deference, and then movement repeats itself in Harlem. In Harlem the Invisible Man attempts to find work and camaraderie in a communist political organization known as the Brotherhood, which in maintaining with the majority his interaction betrays him after his deference, therefore necessitating his movement. The brotherhood comes down to betraying the Invisible Man by deciding to sacrifice Harlem “Sacrifice is necessary now… ” for the good of the brotherhood “for the good of the whole” (Ellison 502). In other words, the Brotherhood’s initial plan is to leave Harlem and the Invisible Man as to further its cause politically. After the Invisible Man became aware of these news he paused and said “everywhere I’ve turned somebody has wanted to sacrifice me for my good– only they were the ones who benefited” (Ellison 505). As a result he realizes that his own Brotherhood used him and intend to betray him, nonetheless the Invisible Man takes zero measures. Alas at this point in the book he has nowhere to run as already he’s destroyed many bridges in Harlem by acting in very blind deference in relation with all of the wishes of the traitorous Brotherhood. Coming after a confrontation the narrator falls into a manhole and at this point he realizes that he no longer can return to Mary Rambo’s apartment in Harlem or campus, or to the Brotherhood, or even home. Mary Rambo is his friend/supporter. “I couldn’t return to Mary’s, or to the campus, or to the Brotherhood, or home.” (Ellison 571). Alas, the Invisible Man’s silly deference and subsequent betrayal necessitate on last movement. The Invisible Man decides to take up the residence underground “I would take up residence underground” after finally realizing and concluding that he never had a chance in the outside world. (Ellison 571). In the end the Invisible Man finally comes to put an end to his running after he wears out all of his options. However his conclusion at the end of the novel “the end was in the beginning” is false, it strongly suggests that the Invisible Man never had a chance to make anything out of his life when in very fact he did. (Ellison 571). The Invisible Man himself ruins each and one of his opportunities, by continually deferring to each wish and the ideals of others. The Invisible man represents the old adage “if one stands for nothing then one falls for everything.” In the end, the Invisible Man never actually stands up for his own principles, nor his side hits until it is really to late. Not often but the Invisible Man seemed to understand the weight of his situation but he never once in the book changed his way of acting appropriately so as to save himself, instead he prefered to defer to the judgement of other and allowed the characters to take control over him and use him like a remote control car. The Invisible Man’s rash regard sires betrayals, which thus prompts his whimsical and confusing mobility. The Invisible Man’s end was not to start as he the narrator wished us to believe. Therefore the Invisible Man’s end occurred because of his very own deference, betrayal and movement.