Concrete material in cement concrete. The strength

Concrete
is an artificial material obtained by cementing together fine and coarse
aggregates (sand and broken stone) using a binding material. Cement is used as
the binding material in cement concrete. The strength of concrete depends on
many factors like proportion of the component materials, amount of water used
during mixing, size and grading of aggregates, method mixing/compaction
temperature and humidity at the time of mixing, molding and curing etc.,

Glass
is one of the man made material. It is an inert and transparent material which
could be produced by melting the materials such as silica, soda ash and CaCO3
at high temperature and cooled later. The usage of glass particles are
increased nowadays in form of glassware, bottles etc. Large amount of glass
wastes are produced and disposed to landfill site day by day where glasses
cannot be decomposed because it is non-biodegradable waste. Most of the glass wastes
which are used for the bottles and are soda lime based. It could be recycled
indefinitely and used many times. It can use as partial replacement for fine
aggregate in concrete it not only reduce the solid waste but also increase the
strength of concrete. The most widely used fine aggregate in concrete is river
sand and M-sand. Because of its increased cost and scarcity it will make the
way for usage of substituent materials. Increase of usage of crushed waste glass
content in concrete will decrease the density so that the self weight of the
concrete is reduced. It leads to greener environment and reduces the cost and
energy required for recycling or disposing of broken and waste glasses. The
water absorption properties of glass power are very less compared to that of
natural sand. It will increase the strength, durability of concrete and it is
economical.

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Compressive
strength of cubes at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of duration and flexural strength at
28 days were studied and compared with conventional concrete. Physical
properties like fineness modulus, specific gravity, moisture, water absorption
were studied and compared with conventional concrete mix. Based on the test
results, the 15% replacement shows better results compared to conventional
concrete.