cliffsnotes.com. love for literature and writing, he probably

cliffsnotes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2017. . sparknotes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2017. . Ryssdal, Kai. “Richard Nixon ‘Wanted to Be a Good Prince’.” Marketplace, Marketplace, 2 July 2015, www.marketplace.org/2015/07/02/economy/big-book/richard-nixon-wanted-be-good-prince. Madigan, Tim. “‘I Gave Them A Sword.'” Philosophy Now: a Magazine of Ideas, 2013, philosophynow.org/issues/97/I_Gave_Them_A_Sword. staff, history.com. “Richard Nixon Elected President.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/this-day-in-history/richard-nixon-elected-president. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/dec/03/richard-nixon-tapes “Richard Nixon.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 21 Nov. 2017, www.biography.com/people/richard-nixon-9424076. http://nixontapes.org/about.html Niccolo Machiavelli was born in Florence Italy on May 3rd, 1469. On that day a philosopher and writer of modern political theory was born. His father, Bernardo Machiavelli, was not a very successful lawyer. But as a lawyer and a man with a love for literature and writing, he probably had contacts amongst the powerful within Florence’s political circles. Which would later provide Niccolo with the opportunity to enter public service. He would also grow up to share his father’s literary ambitions. It seems that in Machiavelli’s early life, he had received a fairly normal education for a middle-class child. He learned Latin and read the classical Roman and Greek historical authors. During his youth, Florence was ruled by the Medici family. During this time, Florence was a vibrant city and a hub of the arts. But his home would also become a scene of political turmoil. Each relevant power in the city-states attempted to overthrow the other. Italy was invaded by Charles VIII of France. There continued to be several French invasions during Machiavelli’s life, these events greatly influenced his attitude towards government.   Machiavelli began political service in Florence when he was 29. He executed policies to strengthen Italy politically, as he was the defense secretary. He also became the secretary of the Council Ten of War, which covered foreign policies. His job was to travel around the country to negotiate and gather information. During his work, he met leaders such as the Pope, the Holy Roman Emperor, and most importantly to him, he met the Prince of the Papal States- Cesare Borgia. He was a cruel politician who was despised by many, yet Machiavelli believed he portrayed necessary traits of a leader who could unify Italy. Borgia inspired the character in Machiavelli’s most famous political work The Prince (1513).  Machiavelli began raising and training a Florentine militia in an attempt to reduce Florence’s dependence on mercenaries. Spanish troops eventually defeated the Militia. In 1512 the Medici family regained control and Machiavelli was dismissed from office. Then a year later, he was accused of participating in acts to restore the republic and conspiring against the Medici family. He was imprisoned for three weeks and tortured, yet he denied any involvement and was released. Machiavelli’s forced retirement led him to lead a quiet life on a farm where he pursued literary activities. The Prince entails Machiavelli’s personal observations about human behavior and leadership, including the way a man should acquire and maintain political power. The ideas outline a person who is so focused on their own power gain that they are willing to manipulate, deceive, and exploit others to achieve their goals. He wrote the book hastily, trying to regain his status in the politics of government. He dedicated the writing to the Medici family, hoping to win their favor. Yet, the family received the book indifferently and perhaps did not read it at all. Machiavelli was never fully reintegrated to serving the Medici government and died on June 21st, 1527. Machiavelli’s political theory says that the real concern for a political ruler is maintaining power. That an effort should be made to exclude authority and legitimacy from consideration in political decision-making. Richard Nixon wanted to be compassionate, joyful, and generous, all of which he was not; at least not often. “Machiavelli wanted to be a good prince. Nixon wanted to be a good prince. He wasn’t always a good prince, but he wanted to be.” Richard Nixon was an activist, he was clever. He was a Machiavellian politician.  Richard Nixon was the second of five children born in 1913, in California. His father owned a service station and a lemon farm. His mother was a Quaker and had a strong influence on the family. Although his life was hard, Nixon says, “we were poor but the glory of it was we didn’t know it.” In school, Nixon always did very well and ran for student body president, was on the debate team, and participated in theatre productions. He graduated second in his class, and was offered a scholarship to Harvard, but his family could not afford the expenses. Instead, he attended a local college and graduated with a full scholarship to Duke University Law School. After school, Richard continued to study law and eventually became a lawyer.  Nixon thrived for more and so he and his wife moved to Washington D.C., where he got a job in Franklin Roosevelt’s Office of Price Administration. But he soon left and joined the U.S. Navy. He served as an aviation ground officer in the Pacific, but he never saw any combat. He rose to lieutenant commander before he resigned in 1946. He also ran for Senate and Congress, winning a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives.  Richard Nixon’s anti-Communist reputation, earned him the notice of Eisenhower’s campaign and the Republican Party. He won the vice president nomination in 1952, at the Republican Convention. But two months before the election, reports of Richard having a secret “slush fund” from campaign donations came to light. Eisenhower knew he may not win without Nixon; so, he gave him the chance to clear his name. On September 23rd, 1952, Nixon gave a televised speech in which he acknowledged the fund but denied having ever used it for personal use. He then turned the speech to compare his family to the families of Democratic politicians, he says they own fur coats and other luxuries while his family does not. The public responded very fondly to his speech, he and Eisenhower avoided a political disaster. The entire experience of being accused, created a great distrust of the media that would last throughout his life. Nixon ran for presidency in 1960, facing John F. Kennedy as his Democratic opponent. While Richard campaigned on his own experiences, Kennedy brought a freshness to the election and called for a new generation of leadership. The use of television, advertisements, news interviews, and debates worked very well for the charming and young Kennedy. While Richard was awkward and unenthusiastic, even seemingly insincere. He lost the election by only 120,000 votes and the electoral college favored Kennedy. He blamed the media for his defeat and said, “You won’t have Nixon to kick around anymore…”. His “goodbye” in his concession speech was bitter.  Yet, Nixon struggled with deciding to continue his work in politics. But again, he ran for presidency in 1968. In that same year the nation was struggling with the Vietnam war. Nixon’s campaign showed he was a calm and stable character. He promised to bring a conclusion to the war in Vietnam, to restore America’s importance over the Soviets, and a return to conservative values. Nixon was the three-way race by about 500,000 votes and was sworn in as the 37th president in 1969. His party platform campaigned to reach the “silent majority” including the middle and working-class Americans. Nixon promised to “bring us together again”, while Americans were tired of antiwar and civil rights protests, they were hopeful for peace to be returned to their country. He wanted to bring peace and honor to Vietnam, yet he was never very clear how this would be accomplished. Many Americans feel that Nixon was a conservative president who contributed a great deal for the United States. Even as a republican, he passed many progressive movements. Such as expanding Social Security benefits, health care, civil rights, passing the Clean Air Act, he also opened U.S. relations with China and made an arms-limitation agreement with the Soviet Union. Nixon declared war on cancer, illegal drugs, and hunger. Richard Nixon had some successes before breaking the constitution. Yet for those Americans who feel that he is a good president, their thinking is flawed because though he was politically gifted, Nixon’s name will forever be linked to one phrase: The Watergate Scandal.  Richard Nixon was a complicated man, filled with suspicion. Some say, on the verge of delusional. The president soon began recording almost all conversations and phone calls he had in his office, approximately 3,700 hours. A website called nixontapes.org is dedicated to the tapes and makes them available to the public, the authors state, “In his memoirs, Nixon listed several reasons behind his decision to record his conversations throughout the executive offices. The primary reasons were administrative and historical, part of the president’s desire to make his administration “the best chronicled in history.” Nixon recalled that he “wanted a record of every major meeting”‘. He did this for a reason and he asked his staff to use all means necessary to undermine opponents. That sounds similar to the ideals of another man..Nixon also told his national security advisors, “Never forget, the press is the enemy, the press is the enemy. The establishment is the enemy, the professors are the enemy, the professors are the enemy. Write that on a blackboard 100 times.” This sounds like a very paranoid thought to be having. He also ordered his staff to remove all pictures of past presidents and to only have his photograph displayed throughout the White House.  A random robbery at a Washington, D.C. building lead to the first presidential resignation. On June 17th, 1972 a security guard working called the police to the Watergate building after find tape covering the locks of doors. There were five burglars found in an office, caught stealing documents and attempting to wiretap phones. All of the men had ties to the reelection committee of Richard Nixon. The president took steps to cover up the crime. But rumors began to spread of the White House’s involvement in a burglary of the Democratic headquarters. The FBI eventually confirmed that Nixon’s staff had tried to sabotage the Democrats, and many resigned after facing prosecutions. There became evidence that Nixon gave orders to conceal the crimes, although he continued to declare his innocence the entire time.  Up until, Nixon began refusing to release any materials that revealed White House details of involvement. The supreme court ordered for the president’s secret tapes to be handed over. On the recordings, they heard Nixon talking about the burglary and the cover up. Nixon really had no choice but to resign, facing almost certain impeachment, after being charged with obstruction of justice. In August of 1974, Richard Nixon resigned from the Presidency. People with more Machiavellian characteristics tend to have low emotional intelligence and interpersonal skills. This was definitely the case with Richard Nixon. He also portrayed many other signs of being a Machiavellian politician, including: being duplicitous, cunning, narcissistic, believing the ends justify the means, believing everything is part of one big game in which he was playing a main role, having excellent control and manipulation, would love to be loved, and did not always reveal the reason he was doing something unless advantageous to him. Nixon wanted to be a good man, but he could not hide the fact that he was Machiavellian through and through.  You may work for one. You may live with one. You may even be one yourself. Even if you do not typically operate this way, every once in a while, you will find yourself slipping into what feels like an alter-ego. http://www.history.com/topics/watergate