Charles were predominately composed of religious believers.

Charles Darwin was a naturalist best recognized for his contributions to evolutionary science.  He established that all organisms have evolved over time from their ancestors.  The evolutionary theory  natural selection this concept was first generated in Darwin’s book “On the Origin of Species”.  He states that all species progress through a process called natural selection, a plausible mechanism.  During this reasonable process certain inherited traits that increases the organisms ability to survive will therefore be reproduced onto the next generation.  The scientific approval of this theory was not quite validated globally, which led to a plethora of opposing groups. The opposing groups were predominately composed of religious believers. 
Religion and science have been an ongoing feud of disagreement.  Both, believe in completely different things that are supported by incompatible reasoning.  Science is more based on information, facts and data whereas religion is based on spirituality, energy and morality. However, this is not to dismiss the validity of religious beliefs, just because we don’t have the advanced technology to yet prove the truth of religion doesn’t mean it is not yet valid.  It simply just means we don’t have the improved, advanced technology to prove it. 
Though the process of evolution, organisms have adapted to strive in extreme environments.  The Mexican tetra is another example to alludes to the evolutionary theory by natural selection. species that can live in complete dark.  The Mexican tetra (Astyanax mexicanus) is a small fish with a rather unique appearance and unique to the environment they inhabit (FOOT NOTE).  The Mexican tetra primarily live in central and eastern Mexico and parts of the southwest america.  They live in freshwater habitats, typically in caves where light is lacked.  These fish do not utilize their sense of sight, instead they have a better sense of smelling or hearing.  Their main predator is the lion cave fish, they’re sole defense mechanism is the darkness. T hey flourish in the complete absence of light and are still able to detect light through a particular gland by their albino skin.  Because sight is not useful, they do not have functioning eyes.  Originally the Mexican tetra, evolved from surface fish, over thousands of years they lost their eyes because it is no longer needed.  Organisms have traits that are better selected for the environment they live in.  These traits pass onto to following generations by the process of natural selection.  The organisms that have the better heritable traits, are the ones that will be able to survive and reproduce.  The fish that physically had eyes, were not functional and obsolete.  Thus, leading to a waste of energy and nutrients to produce them.  It was not necessary for these specific fish to have such genes expressed because they would have no use for them. These inhabit sunless caves, developing eyes at immature stages of production is a mere waste. The organisms physical appearance, whether or not they have eyes, is determined by the phenotype.  The phenotype is determined by the action of the genes during the premature development of the fish.  The energy that was initially used to generate the eyes, over time, is used in a much more favorable way thus increasing the chance of survival.  Mutations in the genes is what changes the phenotype.  The evolutionary adaptations are apparent in the Mexican tetra. 
The Peppered moth is a classic example of evolution by natural selection.  The evolution of peppered moth was a directional color change in moth population due to the polluted air during the time of the Industrial Revolution.  Now, originally the black peppered moth, prior to the Industrial revolution, was extremely infrequent to find.  The common physical trait of the pepper moths was a light-colour.  A white/beige color that was more effective at hiding from predators by camouflage into the light color lichen trees.  The frequency of the dark allele was extremely negligible.  During the Industrial Revolution, the neighboring towns were blanketed with the newly coal burning factories.  This pollution caused the lichen english trees to become darker specifically due to the sulphur dioxide emissions.  Sulfur dioxide is a gas that is primarily emitted from fossil fuel combustion in industrial factories.   The white peppered moths during this time were placed at a huge disadvantage because they weren’t able to camouflage into the newly colored changed lichen trees.  Thus, the population of the light colored moths were slowly decreasing, because their predators were able to spot them quicker.  During this period, the black peppered moths were at a huge advantage because they were efficiently able to hide from their predators.  This resulted in the black peppered moths population to augment insanely, due to the high survival rates and reproduction rates.  The white peppered moths were able to prosper in a clean environment while the black peppered moths survived in a polluted environment. 
Evolution enlightens that as organisms evolve they will ultimately reach an ideal population. In other words, as organisms advance the stronger, more superior species will take over the inferior, more weak species, which is known as the remarkable saying “survival of the fittest” The weaker species will be eliminated for the 
Towards the end of his book “On the Origin of Species” Darwin foresaw a potential connection between psychology and evolution. A century and a half later, it’s clear that his vision proved prescient (Buss, 2009). Evolutionary psychology is now a theoretical branch of psychology that attempts to justify mental and psychological characteristics of organisms. This theory is supported by strong uniform premises. The first one being the process of evolution has impacted the physical body and the brain. It has affected the psychological aspects of the body by the particular way it behaves. The second premise, The psychological system is conceptualized as the adaptations that is made to aid the solving of problems that relate to survival.