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Background of the study


School readiness is the groundwork in achieving equity and quality education. It implies global support as a viable means to help young children reach their full developmental potential and engage in lifelong learning. School readiness is a major part  of the child’s friendly strategy as this will help them prepare their whole person to a longer way of learning in school. The school prepare for the families and children ,little  children are more likely to enrol in school on time and stay until they complete primary school.


In Central Philippine University, School Readiness and Transitions play a significant indicator to the different milestones in the lives of each children and how parents prepare their child in different transitions. School readiness and transitions are not only measured through what the child already know but also how are their families ready to build relationship with the school where they are going to sent their child.

In the research of school readiness must of early molders that are closely related to children’s school readiness. To define school readiness, children must meet different ability and skills. As identified they need children work related, social skills and learning related.


School readiness is currently defined by three interlinked dimensions: a) ready children; b) ready schools; and c) ready families. Children, schools and families are considered ready when they have gained the competencies and skills required to interface with the other dimensions and support smooth transitions.


            The Early Childhood Care and Development or (ECCD) which includes promoting Universal Kindergarten through UNICEF they support the Philippine Government thrust of expanding access to quality of it. Without this ECCD program, the teacher do not know what to do with the child for their upcoming school year. A lot of different transition maybe done by the teacher. This ECCD help promoting the best start of the year in entering their elementary grade. UNICEF aim to obtain discrimination and let the child be included in the list of children who are eager to learn, be participative and have a set of high education.

The Republic Act 10157 is the major refinement in our country Educational System known as the Kindergarten Educational Law or the K to 12. It is said from the administration of  Aquino that this law is directive and obligatory to meet the standard of international regarding of the year in the basic education. This Law of Kindergarten must be meet before they proceed to their elementary grade. All children who must enrol in a public or private must meet this said law.









This study was administered to find out the factors affecting school readiness and transitions in early childhood education in Central Philippine University during the School Year 2016-2017


Specifically, it sought answers to the following questions:

1.      What the factors affect the students’ school readiness and transitions in early childhood education when grouped according to:

a)      Age

b)      Parents Involvement

c)      Environment

2.      Is there a significant difference on  student’s school readiness and transitions in early childhood education when grouped according to age, parents involvement and environment?



Hypotheses of the study


The hypotheses of this study as stated are as follows:

1.      There is no significant difference in school readiness and transitions of students when grouped according to age, parent’s involvement, and environment.




Conceptual Framework           

parents involvement


early childhood readiness


                 Independent Variables                                                              Dependent Variables






Figure 1:Schematic Diagram showing the Relationship of Independent Variables and

the Independent Variables



Theoretical Framework

Maturationist Theory

Consistent with the concept of Arnold Gesell it suggests that instructional improvement is determined via biology and heredity, he believed that there are predictable patterns of behavior for every age and that the ones norms will be used as a standard for judging increase and educational achievement. while nowadays his theories are largely criticized, Gesell’s work changed into the various first to introduce the thoughts of toddler improvement to mother and father. In regards to kindergarten preparedness, Gesell’s Maturationist concept could propose that once the child reached the developmental milestone witnessed by using the ability to recite the alphabet, then the child was geared up for kindergarten. youngsters who had no longer reached that milestone would be held returned until they displayed developmental readiness.

Environmentalist Theory

Consistent with the Environmentalist theory, children are equipped for kindergarten after they reveal that they’re emotionally ready to deal with the shape and peer interplay. that is, consistent with the idea, due to the fact youngsters learn whilst they are guided via instructor-led mastering activities. Rote activity, exercise and repetitive publicity would be the satisfactory methods to teach a infant. in keeping with this principle, mother and father should assist their child to observe rules, behave appropriately in a collection and respond obediently to the guidelines given with the aid of a instructor to be able to make sure that their children are equipped for kindergarten. some of the unique supporters of this principle had been B.F. Skinner and John Watson.


Many educators nowadays will apprehend the names of Jean Piaget and Maria Montessori who have been some of the unique supporters of the Constructivist principle. This principle indicates that youngsters study fine by using interacting with their environment. according to those theorists, children are lively participants inside the development in their schooling and that the children themselves are frequently responsible for instigating their getting to know activities. instructors following the Constructivist concept will recognition greater on supplying the correct studying surroundings for the youngsters then trying to establish whether a toddler is ready or  not.





Operational Definitions of Terms


For the better understanding of the present study, the following terms are operationally defined as:

These are:


Factors.This term refers to any of the forces, conditions, influences, etc., that act with others to bring about a result (Longman Dictionary, 1991).

In this study Factors refers to the causes of a result that affect the school readiness and transitions of Central Philippine University students.


School Readiness. This term refers to when you are prepared for something, or when something is ready to be used (Longman Dictionary, 1991).

In this study School Readiness refers to each child enters school ready to engage in and benefit from early learning experiences that best promote their success.


Transitions. This term refers tochanges from one form or state to another (Longman Dictionary, 2000).

            In this study Transitions refers to changes as the child cope to new and different factors which encountered in school.

Age.This term refers to the time of life at which some particular qualification, power, or capacity arises or rests (Merriam Webster, 1998).

In this study it refers to the number of years the respondent lives, as of their last birthday.


Parents Involvement.This term refers to the amount of participation a parent has when it comes to schooling and her child’s life (LIVESTRONG.COM).

            In this study it refers ass the actual engagement of the family in child’s life in the early years.


Environment.The term refers to the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates (Oxford Dictionary, 1999).

In this study it refers to the setting where the child was able to bring up, the atmosphere and the transitions in which happened in their daily lives.


Significance of the study


The result of this study would be beneficial to several groups of people:


Central Philippine University Pupils. The result of the survey will make the pupils aware of the factors that would most likely affect the school readiness and transitions of Kindergarteners.

The ultimate importance of the study is directed towards the school readiness and transitions that affect preschool children.

Teachers. The result of the study will enable the teachers to understand behind the school readiness and transitions of the preschool children and it would serve as a guideline in dealing with their children’s academic and co-curricular activities.

Central Philippine University Kindergarten. The result of the study will provide information which could lead to greater understanding in school readiness and transitions of their children academic and co-curricular activities among pre-schooler.

Parents. This will serve as an eye opener to parents since this will enable them to create new ways on how to manage their time towards helping their children in academic and co-curricular activities.

Other researchers. This will help them understand various factors that could affect the school readiness and transitions at Central Philippine University. It will serve as basis or reference for future studies.

Administration of Central Philippine University. This study will also benefit for it will help them understand why some students are usually having problems in school.


Scope and Limitations of the Study


This study was conducted on Kindergarten parents of Central Philippine University, Lopez Jaena, Iloilo City for school year 2016-2017. The population consists of parents in Kindergarten. Sample respondents were randomly selected through stratified random sampling. Questionnaires were given out and used as a tool for gathering the necessary data. In a way that they may able to know the causes that affect students school readiness and transitions and how this factors could affect the students particularly in their school performance.

It will be essential for the parents for this study is a basis on how to nurture their child in a positive encouraging way. Also to know what type of learning style is appropriate for their child in order to succeed in school.