Case a state of emergency in the

Case study response

1. Hurricane Katrina, 2005

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The government managed Hurricane Katrina, 2005 disaster by
placing measures to mitigate its adverse effects. Louisiana Governor, Katherine
Blanco, announced a state of emergency in the region. Similarly, President Bush
declared the same at the national level. Through the influence of the federal
government, FEMA organized resources and evacuated people from the scenes. The
state also ordered firefighters and ambulance crew to assist.

However, the response was disorganized and unproductive
because the government lacked information regarding the effects of the
hurricane. Additionally, FEMA was unwilling to cooperate with nongovernmental
organizations like the Red Cross society during the rescue. They also failed to
provide the necessary security which eventually led to the looting of
properties. Homeland security personnel provided the necessary assistance
through the influence of FEMA to improve the well-being of the public.

Additionally, there were medical responses through the public health sector as
well as the disposal of debris and wastes from the collapsed structures.

2. Great Lakes Storm, 1913

The incident claimed 250 lives and destroyed 42 ships after
winds devastated the Great Lakes Basin. The government extensively participated
before, after and during the occurrence of Great Lakes Storm. For instance,
Coast Guard stations and United States Department of Agriculture placed storm
warnings to prevent entry into the water basins. The government also
participated in rescuing the casualties and goods affected at the shore.

Besides, there were several ships rescued and brought back to serviceable
conditions.

However, the most significant mistake occurred from the
USDA’s weakness on proper realization and communicating storm warnings.  At that time there was a difficulty in
understanding the weather dynamics because the meteorological department lacked
precise instruments. Improving the well being of the public relied upon removal
of damaged ships from water to make it safe for use. Additionally, there were conditions
like the construction of vessels with more excellent stability and strength to
mitigate the loss of lives in the future.

3. Natchez Tornado, Mississippi, 1840

In the event, the government did very little before and
after the scenario. They used non-flat boats which were unstable to rescue some
of the casualties and commodities. Because the rescue procedures and facilities
were ineffectual, many people lost their lives in this tragedy. After the
event, the government participated in reclaiming the swept homes and donated
food to the affected.

However, the most significant mistake was inappropriate
communication regarding the occurrence of the event. There were no warning
signs and any predictions alerting the public. Besides, they favored the
natives to the slaves. As a result, many slaves died, injured, left unattended
to during the incident. The government improved the wellbeing of the public by
donating shelter and food, reclaiming the damaged productive lands and fixing
the boundary between the United States and the Republic of Texas as a measure.

4. Mount St. Helens, Washington, 1988

The federal government participated in herbivorous
vegetation recovery to maintain the beauty of the natural resources. They also
deployed rescue teams to collect the injured and provide healthcare services.

Additionally, the state compensated the owners for the damaged crops.

During that time, there were no measures placed to curb the
volcanic eruptions in the region. Meteorological department neither provided
effective communication or alternative steps before the tragedy. However,
removal of volcanic deposits in southern Idaho was one of the activities
enhanced to improve the welfare of the public. Other than compensation, Local,
state and federal officials established planning and response protocols to
secure the region.

5. Great White Shark Attacks, New Jersey, 1916

After several reports regarding shark attack, the government
took the matter on a light note. There were late responses after the loss of
lives after which the government compensated the families who lost their loved
ones. Matawan mayor also participated in distributing nets to catch the sharks.

The state was slow in the search and rescue operations even after the media
disclosed the information. Also, there were no scientific mechanisms used to
protect lives before the establishment of hunting operations.

 Local New Jersey
governments protected people from the shark attack by closing some parks and
beaches to limit the entry of the public. Mobilization of coast guards to guard
the jersey shore was also a strategy to improve lives. There were actions taken
by armed shark hunters in motor boats who managed to capture hundreds of sharks
and lifted the corpses out of the water to improve health.