Bismarck 1862 he had learnt to know

Bismarck had a personality, the tenacity and the will to change the old traditions of Prussian diplomacy. One way he chose to change Prussia was by his anti-Austrian policy as a way to divide the parliamentary opposition that the Prussian government was facing in 1862. When at the age of 47, Bismarck became Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1862 he had learnt to know the strength and weakness of Austria and was already convinced that only by defeating Austria could Prussia unify Germany.1 Because of this Bismarck started to develop a responsibility of wanting to unify Germany, but some historians have argued that it was only a coincidence due to him wanting to strengthen the German empire. In 1862 Otto von Bismarck became minister-president of Prussia after being recalled. While social and political movements, such as Liberalism and Nationalism, played a part the people with the power to cause change were much more concerned with their economic ambitions. Thus the German movement of ideas towards nationalism and liberalism, which had appeared during the War of Liberation in Prussia, lost much of its impetus once the foreign invader had been expelled.2 This interpretation can be seen as it supporting  nationalism because if its already into effect and people know of it then a little more of a push would allow for it to be more effective. Once under the guidance of Bismarck there was a moreover a visible drift in the direction, not of absolute free trade in international relations, perhaps but at least towards a greater freedom.3 Even if progress were not to be seen the people of Prussia were seeing something much more due to Bismarck’s guidance. It was the Italian war of 1859 that revived national hopes all over Central Europe. By promising the Sardinia-Piedmont of Cavour military assistance for driving the Austrian out Italy, Napoleon III  wanted to wreck one of the main pillars of the Vienna peace settlement.4 Prussia’s first apparent in the opposition to Napoleon’s occupation of the German states, national emotions grew into a movement after 1815 as a way for nationalism to be increased in numbers by Germans due to defeat of France, resulting in the Vienna Settlement. The results of the Italian war was a subsequent formation of the kingdom of Italy had aroused a deep desire for the early achievement of German unity.5 Napoleon’s failure in the Continental System policy led to war with Russia, and soon Prussia and Austria after popular anti-French opinion. This was another step to German unification as people gained the first sense of unity and patriotism as the collective German nation co-operated in the War of Liberation. Nationalism fuelled the nation and drove the French out of central Europe and Napoleon out of power. However, once the French were defeated, the feeling of nationalism declined to the minorities.