Athlete depending on the athlete’s position. Even though

needs analysis


2110 has an age of 20 years, with a weight of 65kg and height of 1.76m. The sum
of the athlete’s skinfold measurements was 46.3mm. The sport that client 2110
performs in is football, playing at a university level. During a typical week,
training takes place once on a Monday evening, competitive matches occur on a
Wednesday afternoon, followed by weight resistance gym sessions on a Thursday
and Friday morning. Their playing position is central midfield. A study
conducted by Bangsbo et al. (2006) determined that 10-13km is the distance a
typical outfield player achieves during a top-level match, as well as midfield
players covering the largest distance amongst other positions. Due to the vast
number of individual differences in the physiological demands of the players, their
positions and tactical roles must be taken into account when developing the
training and nutrition programmes.

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sport, football, is labelled as a high intensity, intermittent, non-continuous
exercise (Ekblom, 1986). A sprint bout occurs in the region of every 90
seconds, lasting an average of 2-4 seconds. Sprinting represents 1-11% of the
total distance covered during a typical game, depending on the athlete’s
position. Even though aerobic metabolism constitutes the main energy delivery through
a game, performing important tackles, sharp sprints, and jumping are all
determined by means of anaerobic metabolism (Stølen et al., 2005).


the aerobic system plays a hugely significant role in the maintenance of
intensity level during football games, characterised by short bursts of
activity (Meckel et al., 2009). Granted that players perform low-intensity
bouts for greater than 70% of the game, these values propose that the average
oxygen uptake during a game is more or less 70% VO2max in elite
level football players, reinforced by measurements in core body temperature. This
coincides with the fact that elite players tend to average 150-250 brief
intense actions, which signifies that the prominent substrate for energy
provision is muscle glycogen. This is depleted throughout a game and reveals
that levels of creatine phosphate employment and the process of glycolysis are
recurrently high during a game (Bangsbo, 2006).


foremost nutritional challenge for client 2110 would be to be able to ingest
adequate carbohydrate after matches/training sessions. The immediate focus
after a match is to replenish both liver and muscle glycogen stores. This is
because glycogen-synthesizing enzymes are most functional the moment the game
ends (Ranchordas et al., 2017). Furthermore, drinking sufficient fluid both
during the game, taking advantage of windows of opportunity (half-time/injuries),
and after the game is crucial. Loss of body water and related electrolytes can
impair cardiovascular and thermoregulatory response. If losses are extensive
then exercise performance can also be weakened (Maughan et al., 2004). However,
it is imperative to not forget the importance of the other macronutrients, but
carbohydrates are most noteworthy in being able to let the body exercise for
prolonged periods of time.