Analyzing and Friedrich Engels, a German philosophers and

Analyzing literature through the Marxist approach is based on the philosophy of both Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, a German philosophers and theorists. Karl Marx argues that whoever controls the means of production (the factories) in a society dominates the society. Marx indicates a difference in the economic and political power gained just by the factory owners and prohibited for the factory workers.                              The Marxist literary theory has been our reference in this study since Marxism looks at the society as capitalist one. This ideology portrays the realty of the proletariat people suffering under the exploitation of the capitalists. According to GyörgyLukács, one of the most important founders of Marxism literary criticism, the successful author is the one who is capable of giving the real description of the daily life of the masses. He asserts that the “social mission of literature” is as a mirror to reflect the reality and experiences of the lower class which are socioeconomically oppressed and exploited by the higher class. Also Terry Eagelton notes in his book entitled Marxism and Literary Theory: “Great writers are those exceptional individuals who manage to transpose into art the world vision of the class or group to which they belong”. In parallel, like in any Marxist literary text, the writer Peter Abrahams in his novel mine boy tries to depict the real life of the Black South Africans under the domination of the whites settlers. He gives the reader a picture of the repressive socioeconomic and political conditions that the Blacks suffer from in South Africa. Moreover, Louis Tyson states that:                      Clearly, Marxism’s concern with human psychology overlaps with that of psychoanalysis: both disciplines study human behavior and motivation in psychological terms. However, while psychoanalysis focuses on the individual psyche and its formation within the family, Marxism focuses on the material/historical forces—the politics and ideologies of socioeconomic systems—that shape the psychological experience and behavior of individuals and groups