great literatures are true to life. Life is the subject matter of literature.
Life provides the raw material on which literature imposes an artistic form.
The connection between literature and life is intimate and vital. Literature is
the expression of individual and social life and thought through language.
Literature traverses beyond the horizons serving the needs of the people. It
voices their inmost desires, their noblest aspiration. Literature is great
because of its universality. It must have social functions. Literature can get
at the heart of what we are doing and the experience we share can be
illuminated. Literature and life are inextricably intertwined. The primary
function of literature is certainly to make the readers glad, giving a perennial
source of joy. Literature exists to please- to lighten the burden of men’s
lives, to make them forget the sorrow and their silenced heart. Literature down
the ages has been extremely accommodating, it reflects the spirit of the age,
it grows out of life, reach upon life and is fed by life. Human affections and
feelings, passion and sensibilities remain the ingredients of literature.
Personality Development has become
an inevitable and important subject of study in the ever-changing world of
today. The use of language and the way in which one communicates with other
promote effective relationship building. Interpersonal skills helps an
individual to ‘communicate’ and ‘relate’ with other effectively. “Language is a
social activity, and as such is a form of joint action where people collaborate
to achieve a common aim”. (Harley)
In this context literature becomes a
valuable resource for the teachers to use select literature as their materials
in their classrooms to cater to the needs and expectation of the students at
all levels. The overview of study of personality development shows the mutual
and interconnected relationship among the study of literature, communication
and interpersonal communication.
Literature has close connection with
life and it is the study of life. The subject matter of literature is the
presentation of life. Life provides the raw material by which literature
interfuses an artistic pleasure, pattern and form. Great literature always
grasps and reflects these emergent truths that rise triumphant over the
wreckage of the past. Indeed, literature as its deepest has a revolutionary
content, and is violently condemned by unreasoning convention.
Through literature, we converse with
the great dead, with Plato, with Buddha, with Montaigne with Addison. We walk
the streets of Babylon, of Athens, of Rome and of Alexandria. We see great
monuments, reared ages ago and long since crumpled to the dust.
Though literature, we learn wisdom
from Aristotle, geometry and Euclid, law from Justinian, morality from Christ
and St. Paul. The benchmark of true literature is that it relays the aims of
Literature too is some kind of
supernatural entity; and just as beauty and truth cannot be evaluated by common
standards, in the same way pleasure and delight can only be derived from
literature when it is placed outside the strictures of society. Literature is a
kind of social activity and humanity is affected by it, then the aims of
literature and humanity necessarily coincide. Literature is a branch of life
and there is no reason why, in a natural world, since it analyzes and explains
human emotions, it should become something of a Holy Spirit speaking from one
Literature answers the questions of
what man must love, what he must hate, and how he must live. And if the truth
be told, literature has nothing to do with didacticism. It does not provide the
bitter medicine of counsel and admonition for mankind is malady but instead
nurses it with gentle, soothing melody. While it is true that literature
derives from the past and the present, what is preeminently seeks in the
future. If it looks back or left and right, it is to see the contours of life
is path so that mankind may find its way more easily forward.
The recited epics of Homer, the
acted plays of Shakespeare, the chanted songs of Chandidas and vachanas of 12th
century Sharinis or the communal reading of Mangala kavya had a more extended
appeal than our modern poets and novelist who express only segments of social
life. Poetry that expresses intensely individual views and sentiments, novels
that depict the manners of a limited class of community or deal with highly
specialized problems, cannot surely be of the same level as are Tulsidas’s
Ramcharitmanas or Kritibas’s Ramayana, which had and still have a mass appeal.
This led Aristotle to affirm that the proper subject of poetry is human action.
When compared with others, Chaucer
was a much richer artist because he had a great insight into the sight of man.
Modern writers have developed a flair for expression, feelings and situation
that are subtle and complex in language. Wordsworth realized this and advocated
that poetry should be the language of common every day speech, the heightened
speech of the rustics. The more literature is free from its class limitations,
and becomes the vehicle of the thoughts and feelings of the common man, the more
will it tend to become popular and public.
Literature is a tool for the entire
humanity. There may be divergent viewpoints through different eras, but,
ultimately literature and life both believe in a kind of righteousness.
Literature is an aesthetic experience, and act of purgation or sometimes a
vent, for it extracts details directly from the society or from history or
mythology and so on. Literature relives the uniqueness of life. It is however
an inspiration of real life, which leaves an indelible mark, that kindles
writing. The artist does not give a vivid imitation of reality, but an idea of
his conception of it.