Access Food and nutrition security has remained one

Access to adequate
food and proper nutrition is one of human’s basic needs. Food security is a
growing concern worldwide. More than 1 billion people are estimated tolack
sufficient dietary energy availability. According to the 1996 World Food Summit
definition that food security represents “a situation that exists whenall
people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient,
safe and nutritiousfood that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for
an active and healthy life.” Food and nutrition security has remained one of
the top priorities of policy planners in post-Independent India.In India,
although problem of food security tackled to some extent still one-third of the
population is estimated to be absolutely poor and one-half of all children
malnourished. Thus, it is very important to provide people with adequate food
availability or in other words “food security”.

Hunger and
undernourishment are the most pressing problems of the world economy.In order
to take arms against them and to assess the effectiveness of such actions, a
detailed description of the circumstances of hunger is necessary.Socioeconomic disparity in nutrition is well documented which
helps to explain som eof the observed social inequalities inhealth.People with
high socioeconomicstatus (SES) are more likely to have healthierfood habits,
whereas people with low SEShave dietary profiles less consistent
withnutritional recommendations or dietary guidelines, hence contributing to their
poorer health status. Therefore, both social inequity and diet quality,
reflected by healthy dietary behaviours are areas of active public health concern
(Alkerwiet
al., 2015). In much of the economic development literature nutrition
problems are practically synonymous to the inadequacy of energy as measured by
the availability or consumption of calories(Strauss and Thomas, 1995;
Subramanian and Deaton, 1996).           

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The growth of
consumption causes increasingpressure on the environment (RIVM, 1997). Increase in atmosphericgreenhouse gas (GHG)
concentrations is largely due to humanactivities.Among emissions-intensive
behaviours, food consumption is a heavycontributor to greenhouse gases. The
significance of the food system as a contributor to GHGemissions underscores
the role of diet in reducing per-capita emissions. Information on indirect
emissions of greenhouse gases canempower consumers to adopt climate-mitigating
dietary behaviours.

 

            The
present study was undertaken to calculate the prevalence of undernourishment in
the four different geographical regions of Odisha. Per capita caloric
consumption was linked to the socioeconomic disparities and the greenhouse gas
emission produced due to their food behaviour was calculated to adopt suitable
climate-mitigatory behaviours.