ABSTRACT this phase of their time, decreases labor



Exercise plays an important role during pregnancy.
If a women exercise efficiently then it results in various  psychological and physiological effects
during Parturition. Some of the benefits of exercise discussed  used in this research is  like it helps in reducing stress which
is  very basic thing to eliminate during
pregnancy women faces many mood swings and do take up stress so exercise is the
best medicine  they can take during this
phase of their time, decreases labor length and strengthen their muscles and
joint.  When a women exercise regularly then
it results in delivering a healthier baby as compared to those women who are
inactive .

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KEY WORDS- Benifits, women, effects of exercise.













“Exercise is a physical activity that is
planned structured and repetitive for the purpose of conditioning any part if
the body. exercise is used to improve health maintain fitness and is important
as means of physical rehabilitations.”  – medical dictionary.thefreedictionary.com

Dancing, brisk walking, aerobics, martial arts,
jumping are some of the examples exercise.

Physical activity and regular workout stimulates
good health in the human beings. a pregnant women if does exercise efficiently
then it results in various positive reverberation on mother as well as on the

It is advisable to a pregnant women to exercise
during her 20-36 weeks of pregnancy.

Parturition represents a unique  technique in females lives resulting physiological
, metabolic, social and psychological changes.

According to Carla Snuggs there are several benefits
of exercise during pregnancy . exercise is related to healthier babies as it
increases fitness. Workout also provide several psychological benefits that


Exercising enhance circulation which results in
reducing swelling, absorption and utilization as well as it lessen the threat
of developing varicose veins . as sometimes it becomes vulnerable because of
the backache , constipation and fatigue it is said that to be active during
pregnancy which helps in reducing the physical pain.


While labor length is always variable, research has shown
that women who exercise often at moderate to high intensity have labors that
are 1/3 shorter than the deliveries of women who don’t exercise. According to Dr.
James Clapp, author of Exercising through Your Pregnancy ,has
pioneered studies showing that exercise escorts to an easier pregnancy and


An exercise program improve nausea fatigue problems
faced by a pregnant lady that leads to lack of motivations.



Molly kimball 
registered  dietitian  said that during exercise our body excretes
an endorphins that is a positive psychological effects that promote in decreasing
stress and boost ones mood. Exercise also helps in improving self image.


Maintaining shape and posture is one of the most
important thing which affects the women 
looks! after the baby is born exercise makes it easier to get back in
the shape. regular activities keeps the pregnant women fit and also helps in to
cope up with labor pain.


Exercising during pregnancy strengthen the muscles
which lead to improvising the females muscle tone and build stamina. it also
enhance the ability of the female to remain active .


Mother  who
exercise during pregnancy delivers a healthy baby. In some researches it is
shown that women who exercise daily results to baby’s arteries to resist heart
related diseases .



while pregnant

In research it is found that if you were active
before pregnant, it is to stay safe during pregnancy .Women who exercise
consistently during pregnancy can resume exercise postpartum before two weeks
after delivery, assuming that they experienced a normal delivery without any
complications. women who Exercise postpartum has shown to have a more rapid
recovery both physically and emotionally . Exercising for 30 minutes in a day
can be  helpful in terms of health during
pregnancy. the only important thing to keep in mind is that the women should be
active if she becomes wrestles then it can affect the new born.

According to Norwegian observational studies “Thirty-two per cent
of women in our study reported that they exercised regularly before pregnancy

moderate to high intensity three
times per week or more

and 13% exercised at the time of inclusion.”

Also, If properly supervised by a trainer, female
can achieve numerous health benefits if they started executing from mild to
moderate intensity of exercise during their pregnancy.

  However, every pregnant woman is different in
her reaction to exercise, depending on her health and fitness level before

Walking can be an amazing exercise to start with
that can benefits the mother. Walking does not require any extra accompaniments and even there is no need to search for
a trainer. Walking is usually safe for every human being and it is painless on
the body and make the joints strong.

Squatting is another type exercise that pregnant
women can do. during labor squatting helps to open the pelvic outlet that helps
the infant to degenerate.

Pelvic tilts relaxes the muscles which are present
in the abdomen that alleviates the back pain during pregnancy and labor.

by the help of these exercises joints become more
flexible that precisely causes the muscles to relax during pregnancy.

Exercise and pregnancy
related risk

Gestational Diabetes
Mellitus (GDM)

According to Johns Hopkins medicine
health  care “Gestational diabetes
mellitus (GDM)  is a condition in which a hormone made by the placenta
prevents the body from using insulin effectively. Glucose builds up in the
blood instead of being absorbed by the cells.” This is the most common
complication faced by a pregnant women. usually GDM develops when a women is
significantly inactive in her pregnancy . If women workout prior to her
pregnancy then there is a less  chance to
develop GDM.


According to Johns Hopkins medicine
health  care  “Preeclampsia (PE) is a disorder of pregnancy
characterized by the onset of high blood pressure and often a significant
amount of protein in the urine.” The risk is reduced in
women who constantly exercise as compared to the women who are inactive during
the pregnancy.


“Obesity is a condition where a person has accumulated so much body
fat that it might have a negative effect on their health.”  

Due to weight gain it is a
prevalent problems that women faces. the risk has rised after the pregnancies
if women retained weight.

Medical conditions   

 The hormones
stimulated during pregnancy have the potential to induce premature contractions, it also causes blood to be
redistributed from internal organs to skeletal muscle.                                                   




In pregnancies a women go through
a lot of mood swings that can affect her health and the baby in the womb. During
pregnancies women have a lot of negative feeling as well as a positive feeling
such as losing her baby, having anxiety , unusual thoughts. exercise a that
activity which can minimize someone stress and make the environment peaceful. So
it seen that women who exercise during pregnancy minimizes their stress and
give them some peace. Yoga ,Walking, Squatting are some of the essentials
exercise that every women should do to keep themselves healthy.



However, every pregnant woman is
different in her response to exercise, depending on her health and fitness
level before pregnancy. Reasons for not following the exercise program included
pregnancy problems, caring for children and work commitments. Studies show that
women who continue to exercise through pregnancy usually reach their
prepregnancy proportions sooner after delivery than their sedentary