Abstract productive architecture is not just about being



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Productive architecture is more like a step ahead from the concept of sustainable architecture,
in which we just minimize the use of resources, whereas in ‘productive
architecture’ we not only minimize the use of resources but also produce
resources which are needed therefore it becomes independent and
self-sustainable and can go on without any external resources.



In the current world where nothing is everlasting and with
the increasing concerns of global problems every day, it is important to make something
which is not only durable but also should be sustainable and be giving back to
the society, this is where the productive architecture comes in, productive
architecture is not just about being sustainable and self sufficient but it
goes way beyond that such as giving back to the environment.


In the current scenario the green buildings are often taken
as buildings which do less damage than the normal ones, as this is not just
enough, it is necessary that we move be move beyond sustainability. So far, the
buildings have only achieved such that it would only minimalize the damage to
the environment but it can be pushed further into means of positive impacts and
productivity on daily human life and environment then it shall truly become
productive architecture.


Initially the buildings were more for shelter than habitation
but these days almost all kinds of activities takes indoors such as work,
cultural activities, sports and recreation, and even agriculture. Considering
the current generation of people of about 90% prefer to spend most of their time
inside buildings, and its surroundings, the buildings or the structure could
cater to various activities such as renewable energy production, carbo emission
reduction, use and reuse the waste water in other services which ultimately
leads to no waste, and to reuse the waste which can be attained by recycling or
using green materials. The inspiration for these projects could be attained
from various studies in biology, agriculture, economics, physics, waste
disposal, all these factors mixed together could help us attain productive




How much sustainable a building can be?

Usually energy self-sufficiency can
be often achieved in a building but there are other factors that are ignored
such as does it really use less energy? Does it produce excess energy? How are
they maintained etc.

The fact is that there is no clear answer to many of these
kinds of questions and so therefore the first step is to solve the problems we
can as smoothly and professionally as possible and to find out if buildings can
be sustainable and viable technically, aesthetically and in economic terms



Productive architecture if succeeded the beneficiaries are
literally everyone including the person living there and the people living outside
the space, as a structure or the space can only be called productive if it only
helps in having positive impacts in human life, in environment, in the economic



Productive architecture, sustainability, green revolution,
ecological design, ecological foot print, passive house, LEED.



Productive architecture is that buildings which produce positive
impacts on all levels such as in terms of humans, environmental, and economic
factors. productive architecture is often mistaken for sustainable architecture
whereas they both are different in their own ways, Sustainable means to not
have any kind of negative impacts on the society or environment, whereas green
is meant to be something even better but the Productive is taken in order to
have a positive impact not only in the environment but also in terms of human
and economic productivity, productive architecture means to promote health and
happiness for people, more electricity generated than required and to have zero
waste for the environment, creating a independent value for the structure or
town, and a good design.. The design of the structure must be designed in such
a way such that it is ecological since a building which is ecological is also
economical as both the words are interlinked in more than one way. The most
important part of a design is multifunctionality, where one idea could benefit
the structure in more than one way, multifunctionality could be a smarter way
to design as it could solve multiple problems though one process and hence it
is simple and efficient. Another factor is to incorporate materials, forms and
systems such that it can be possible for everyone from child to professional
can reside or make use of the structure, another important factor is to
incorporate nature with the buildings apart from visual appeal it can also help
in moderating temperature, cleaning the air and also making people healthier
and happier. While cities offer greater opportunities for living, they also
have environmental problems such as pollution, noise, and lack of nature, by
integrating green with structures it can even be central part of a sustainable
design solution. The buildings can be designed in such a way that it could make
the best use of daylight through solar, rain water collection, vegetation etc,
when designing a building each building surface must be thought for best use. When
the amount of vegetation in cities increases the reduction of particulates,
pollution and lessening of surrounding heat can be greatly observed, use of
local plants can not only help in achieving those but help in local
biodiversity by acting as a habitat. This could also result in a cycle which
would make the site more ecologically productive. Indoor plants purify,
humidify and oxygenate air therefore increasing air quality greatly which can
lead to lesser requirement for exterior air. Integration of vegetation in
building increases a persons biophilic connection towards the building, studies
have been done similar to those in which daylighting promotes productivity
similarly view of plants is said to have increase productivity. Another thing
which can push forward productive of productive architecture is food production
within buildings or on rooftops, this could also act as landscaping and also
reduce the cost of transportation of food from thousands of miles away by using
methods such as vertically integrated greenhouse, vertical farms etc. The construction of integrated agriculture can provide more than just
fresh local foods. The integration of vegetation in buildings can improve
energy management, air quality, interior comfort and worker productivity. With
its high yields and the efficient use of resources, the production of urban
hydroponic foods also provides urban food security and relieves the
environmental pressure of conventional agriculture. As the planet becomes
urbanized and the density of developed areas increases, the natural world is
displaced, pressured and marginalized. Soil is a decreasing percentage of the
constructed area of a city, and it is moving away from people because they live
and work in increasingly larger structures. In this context, vertical surfaces
are an untapped opportunity to incorporate nature into the built environment. These challenges – essentially, the
need of humans for sustenance, shelter and nature – are inherently linked and
that therefore, their solutions may also be linked, through direct integration
of food supply into the built environment. Growing crops on buildings has the potential to confer a host of
benefits including a reduced environmental footprint, reduced transportation
costs, greater food security, enhanced energy management of the building
envelope, and perhaps most significantly, improved physical and psychological
comfort for building occupants. Some of the methods which can be used in order
to achieve this are vertical farms, vertically integrated greenhouse,
hydroponics, double skin façade etc. /in productive architecture multifunction
is considered elegant and economical like by adding a glass in  a façade, you pay for the material once, and
make it serve it 2 purposes such as cladding and power generator. Building
surfaces, roofs and facades offer great opportunities since they have various
purposes. Building skins provide shelter from rain, thermal heat, access and a
sense of security. In most buildings, the link between a building skin and
natural elements is mostly for security purposes such as for weather proof,
water repellent, etc in some cases it is possible for the building skin to work
positively with natural element by harvesting elements, collecting rainwater,
by providing thermal comfort etc. Technology can also help in making a
structure more productive in many ways such as automated sensors which can help
in preventing unwanted waste of electricity, limited use of water and also for
switching off of this services on timely basis or depending on the usage.
Productive architecture does not only consist of designing spaces but also
making it much more in than that in such a way that it is helpful in many other
ways. To be effective in terms of energy, the building should generate more
renewable energy than it consumes. One of such is the Building Integrated Photovoltaics.
Building Integrated Photovoltaics is defined as solar-electric generators that
are also part of the building envelope, or serve an architectural function.
First, for the architectural opportunities afforded by a productive building
skin. Second, the economics, BIPV has the potential to be the lowest cost
source of energy, period. Some BIPV materials are inherently similar to
architectural materials – thin film photovoltaics are physically almost the
same as laminated architectural glass, for example the costs will be similar as
well. It is possible today to construct a BIPV curtain wall that costs less
than a high end conventional facade. Done properly, BIPV can produce free
renewable energy.


Therefore, above mentioned are some of the ways in which
productive architecture can be imbedded into design of a building, thus making
it more efficient, sustainable and self-sustainable. Even though most of the
work are still in research and development phase it is still possible for us to
use the existing technology and science and try to make them coexist in
creating a truly productive structure, In order for the productive architecture
to succeed vast amount of work and research is required and also part from that
it requires pioneers from various professions such as the landscape architects,
civil engineers, mechanical, structural, plumbing, biologists, ecologist,
clients etc. to work together so the design becomes further productive.