?????, ????? ????????. ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ???????

?????,
?? ?????? & ??????????, ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ???????????
?????????? ??? ???????, ????????? ??? ?? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????
????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????. ?????????? ?????? ?????, ????? ????? ??
????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??????????? ?? ?? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ??????
??? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????????.         

           

3.3 ???????????? ??????????.

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???????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ?
???????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????????.

????
Antoniou et al., ? ??? ?????? ????????? ????? 493 ??????? ?????????????, ???
?????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??? ??? ??????????????
???????????, ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????. ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???
?? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?? ?????????????? «Teachers’ Occupational Stress»
(Antoniou et al.,2006), ?? ????? ???????????? 30 ???????? – ????????  ?? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????
Likert.

????
Alexander – Stamatios Antoniou et al., ?? ?????? ?????????? 388 ???????
?????????????, ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??? ???
?????????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ???????. ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???
?? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?? ?????????????? «Teachers’ Occupational Stress»
(Antoniou et al.,2006), ??? ? ??????? ??? ??????? «Stress Coping Strategies», ?
????? ???????????? 28 ???????? – ???????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???
???????????? ??? ???? ??????????????,  ??
????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ???????
????????? ??????? ?? ?? ????, ??? ??????, ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ?????????????
?.?.

????
????????? ?.???., ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????
??? ??????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??????????? ??? ????? ????????. ??? ??
?????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??? ??????????????. ??
????? ???? ? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????
(PSS-14), ??? Cohen, ?amarck & Mermelstein (1983), ??????????????? ????? ??
14 ????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??
???????? ??? ?????????? ????. ?? ??????? ???? ? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????
??? ??? ???????????? (TSI, Teacher Stress Inventory) ??? Fimian (1984) ???
??????????? ??? 49 ???????? ??? ??????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???
?????????? ???? ??????????????, ???? ????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ???????????
??? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ?????????????. ? ??????? ???????? ???
??????????????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ????????, ???? ? ?????????? ????? Likert.
?????????????? ????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???
???????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????????????? ??? ????????????? ???? ??????.

????
?????? & ?????????? (2013 – 2014), ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????????? 93
???????????? ??????? ????????????? ??? ????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???
?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????????. ? ??????????????? ??????? ???
??????????? ???? ? ???? – ?????? ?????????????. ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ???????
??? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???? ??????????????, ?????? ??? ??????, ??
?????????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????, ?? ????? ???????????? 37 ????????
– ????????, ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ??????????
??????? ????? Likert ???  ? ???????
???????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????????, ? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???
????????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???
???????? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ?????????.        

 

3.4. ????????.

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?????????? ??????? ??? ???????????, ?? ????????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ???
?????????? ??? ??????????? ?? ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????:

??? ????
????????? Antoniou et al., Alexander – Stamatios Antoniou et al., ?????????
?.???., ?? ????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????
??????, ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? & ?????????? ?????? ??? ??????
??????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????????.

??? ???
??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????????, ??
?????????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ?? ????
??????? (??????????? ??????, ??????????????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????,
??????? ????????????? ??? ???? ???????, ?????? ???????/???? ??????? ?????????
???????, ????????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????????) ???? ??? ??
???? ??????????? (???????? ???????/??????????? ?? ???????????).

???????????
? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? (??????? ????????? ??? ?????????, ?????
??????????? ??? ???????? ????, ???????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????????????) ???
?? ?? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? (??????? ????? ??? ??????????).

?????
???????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????, ? ??????? ??? ????????????? ?????, ?
????????? ?????????, ? ??????? ?????????? ???? ???????? ?????????, ? ???????
??????????? ??? ????????????? ????????????? ???? ?????, ? ??????? ???????????
?? ???? ?????? ??? ? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????????.

?????,
?? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ??? ? ?????????? ?? ?????????????
???? ???? ??????????, ? ??????? ????????? ??? ????????? ?????????, ? ??????
???????? ???????????, ? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????????,
?????????????, ?????????????? ????????? ??? ? ??????? ???????????? ???????????.

??
?????? ????? ??? ????????????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? & ??????????, ????? ?
?????? ??? ??????????? ????????, ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ???
????? ? ????????? ?????????? ??? ? ????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ??
??????? ???????????? ???????.

?????, ???????????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ???
?????????????? ?? ?????????????, ?????? ?? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????????
????????????? ??? ?????????. ?? ????????????? ??? ????????????? ???????
??????????? ????????????? (??????