What exactly is evidence-based
interventions/practice? It has been defined as “the integration of the best
research evidence, professional judgement, and values and preferences of
clients.” (cite this, pg.
79). These types of studies are important because the goal is to be able
to replicate results with different groups and in several different settings
such as clinics and communities (cite, pg. 80). This applies to any study, including
interventions for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder. When implementing
an intervention on a child, the main concern is that it works. Although there
are many interventions that claim to be useful for ASD, if they are not
evidence based and do not prove that the same results can be replicated on a
certain amount of individuals, it cannot be considered reliable or guaranteed
to be effective (cite, pg.
In order for an evidence-based intervention to be
complete and effective, there are a few components that must be used. One of
the most important elements necessary for evidence-based interventions is the
evidence itself (cite, pg.
81). Research findings are essential because they prove that “there is
sufficient evidence that the interventions produced beneficial effects and they
are not associated with unfavourable outcomes.” (cite, pg. 81). Another factor worth mentioning is
professional judgment. ASD professionals are professionals for a reason and
therefore through data collection, their opinions, ideas, and concerns should
be taken into consideration (cite,
pg. 81). Although the professionals’ opinions are important, what
parents and care providers think must be taken into consideration as well.
Evidence-based interventions must be based on the values of family members as
well as whether or not the individual with ASD wants that specific intervention
implemented on them (cite,
pg. 81). Lastly, capacity plays a significant role as well.