1Alan Sykes, (2012) “The Dispute Settlement System: Ensuring Compliance? The
Oxford Handbook on the World Trade Organization”. Oxford University Press. Pp.
2 WTO Law. Briefing notes on some of the main
issues of the Doha Round. Available at: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dda_e/status_e/tradfa_e.htm
3 Lorand Bartels, (2013) Making WTO Dispute Settlement Work for
African Countries: An Evaluation of Current Proposals for Reforming the DSU.
4 WTO Law. How
the WTO deals with the special needs of an increasingly important group.
Available at: https://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/utw_chap6_e.pdf
best example of how a developing country can have better opportunities inside
the system of the WTO, is the adhesion of Cambodia to the WTO in October 2004,
it marked the return of this country to the world system of trade. Cambodia
restores relations with the IMF and the World Bank.3 All
of it is because The WTO understand the special needs of developing countries,
reason why the WTO agreements contain special provisions on developing
countries such us have more time, better terms, and also the WTO Secretariat
provides technical assistance for developing countries4,
fact that shows how is not true that WTO’s dispute settlement system prevents
developing countries from protecting their rights.
people believe and claimed that WTO’s dispute settlement system prevents
developing countries from protecting their rights. This thought almost
generalized, owes to the fear of the developing countries to be flooded by the
products of the rich or developed countries or the big sales of countries whit rivals
offers, but also because these countries do not feel that have the tools to act
in the WTO system1.
So, from my point of view, the first step to improve the WTO systems is change
that thought and stop being afraid and second is help them to improve quality
of their good and service or in another words improve the trade, since another
important concern for developing countries is how to get more commercially
meaningful to international market, and is clear that WTO law is given then this
opportunity to developing countries since the system recognize its special
statutes, so long that the system insists on protecting them. For instance, after
the Doha Round several coalitions of
members, both developing and developed, have been formed. The most important international
organizations, including the World Bank and the World Customs Organization,
participate in the negotiations as observers. Furthermore, the World Bank is
helping developing countries to identify their needs with the purpose of
providing technical assistance to modernize customs administrations2
which is the key to make these countries more competitive and in the same way,
it puts all countries on an equal footing to access to the WTO’s dispute settlement system.