1. The Federal Executive Authority under the Federal Service of Supervision of Nature resources which controls and supervises in area of environmental management, as well as within its competence in the field of environmental protection, including restricting negative technological impact, waste management and state ecological expertise. The market of waste management is regulated by the Federal law of 24.06.1998 No. 89-FZ “On Production and Consumption Waste”, which establishes the basic regulations of the state policy in the field of waste management. Including procedures for determining the property rights and the basic of ecological control.
2. Moscow’s ranking on the green patrol environmental ranking has risen to fifth place of Russia’s regions. The city environment has improved due to recent transport solutions such as paid parking, eco-friendly buses, trolleybuses and trams;
The end of December 2014 changes were made in waste management legislation in Russia. Federal Law ? 458-FZ “On Amendments to the Law ‘On Production and Consumption Waste’ (the “Law”) was enacted on 29 December 2014 and came into force on 1 January 2015.
Manufacturers and importers responsible for ensuring that targets are met for the recycling of end of life goods. Also known as Producer Responsibility. To meet the target, possible solutions are to organize their own recycling systems, enter into a contract with a regional recycling operator, or pay an environment fee
It also creates a new system for licensing waste management activities, and all licenses issued before the Law entered into force will only be valid until 30 June 2015. To make sure the holders of these older licenses will have to revive their license. The same restrictions will apply to manufacturers and importers who will wish to organize waste recycling processes of their own and avoid paying the fees.
3. Russia cooperates with international organizations such as United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Centre on Human Settlements (UNCHS/HABITAT), International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (ecologically sound foreign trade) etc., to tackle the issue of sustainable development problems of the developing countries
The Ministry of Natural Resources is going through a discussion on the State Policy of Sustainable Water Use in 1998 now. Hoping to include implementation of
The basin approach,
The reduction of negative water impact,
Self-financing of water industry,
The incremental approach,
Public decision -making.
And also mentioned in CONCEPT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION’S STATE POLICY IN THE AREA OF INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE in 2014.
4. Russia has great demand for the luxurious segment. Spending yearly RUB 2,282,243 million on clothing. Spending yearly RUB 678,434 million on footwear:
Which is Expenditure on clothing: 6.8%. Expenditure on footwear: 2.0% in 2014. However, Russian fashion industry is mostly import and also the largest retail market in Eastern Europe.
To target on decreasing the number of produced waste created through fashion industry, 1)civilians can donate unwanted clothing to developing countries ,areas or people in need.2) education of all parts of the chain of the production to reduce the impact of clothing, and should focus on extending the life of clothing including raw fabric .”